Ece Yontan, Oğuzhan Dönmez, Mert Arslangilay

Biruni University Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey

Keywords: Autism spectrum disorder, autistic, biomarkers, serotonin


Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a complex neurodevelopmental situation with persistent difficulties in social interaction, speech, nonverbal communication and repetitive behavior that can be diagnosed at an early age. In recent years, the increasing number of ASD cases has shifted the interest of science in this direction. According to a worldwide survey, one in every 59 children has autism spectrum disorder. In this article, environmental and genetic factors that cause autism spectrum disorders are discussed.

Conflict of Interest

The authors declared no conflicts of interest with respect to the authorship and/or publication of this article.

Financial Disclosure

The authors received no financial support for the research and/or authorship of this article.