Büşra Burcu Rodop1, Esin Başkaya1, İlknur Altuntaş1, Oytun Erbaş1,2

1ERBAS Institute of Experimental Medicine, Illinois, USA & Gebze, Turkey
2Department of Physiology, Medical Faculty of Demiroğlu Bilim University, Istanbul, Turkey

Keywords: Autism spectrum disorder, behavior, diet, nutrition


Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a behavioral disorder that negatively affects the cognitive functions of the brain and other organs as well. One of these problems, digestive disorders, together with physiological mechanisms, affect the process in the brain and turn the disease into a cycle. Some mechanisms affect our digestive system positively or negatively depending on the type of food we consume. Research is being conducted on how disorders such as ASD, whose digestive system is sensitive, will affect their symptoms by supporting them with certain diets. Whether nutrition (Mediterranean diet, gluten-free/casein-free diet, ketogenic diet, special carbohydrate diet, low oxalate diet) is a part of existing treatment in ASD and its beneficial effects are examined. In this review, the effects of nutritional diets on ASD are discussed.

Conflict of Interest

The authors declared no conflicts of interest with respect to the authorship and/or publication of this article.

Financial Disclosure

The authors received no financial support for the research and/or authorship of this article.